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Working Group 4 is a group of experts, mainly within the social sciences, focusing on integrating justice and equity issues into the work of the Earth Commission. They investigate socio-economic drivers of Earth system changes, as well as synergies and trade-offs between social and environmental goals for sustainability. The group also examines actors and policies leveraging transformative change, and how governance can be designed to achieve desired transformations.



Joyeeta Gupta, University of Amsterdam Co-leads

Diana Liverman, University of Arizona


Paulina Aldunce, Universidad de Chile

Xuemei Bai, Australian National University

Harriet Bulkeley, Durham University

Christopher Gordon, University of Ghana

Margot Hurlbert, University of Regina

Cristina Inoue, University of Brasilia

Norichika Kanie, Keio University

Timothy Lenton, University of Exeter

David Obura, CORDIO East Africa

Chukwumerije Okereke, Alex Ekwueme Federal University

Ilona Otto, University of Graz

Laura Pereira, Stockholm Resilience Centre/Utrecht University/Stellenbosch University

David Tàbara, Autonomous University Barcelona, Global Climate Forum Berlin

Peter Verburg, Vrije Universiteit


The Transformations Working group is supported by staff hosted by Future Earth, University of Amsterdam and University of Arizona.
Secretariat contact: Lisa Jacobson (lisa.jacobson@futureearth.org)